The main areas of cooperation between Rwanda and Ethiopia are education, military, aviation, agriculture and investment.
In Education, Military and Aviation, the Government of Rwanda provides students (militaries) in the Defense University College of Engineering (DUC) of Debre Zeit and in the Ethiopian Airlines in Addis Ababa.
In this regard, more than thirty (30) students were graduated from DUC since 2001 in the followings fields: Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Aviation Power Plant, Aviation Power Technology, Communication Technology, Design Technology, Mechanical Power Technology, Power Technology and Auto Tank Technology. Moreover, almost fifteen (15) students were graduated from Ethiopian Airlines in Aircraft Maintenance and more than thirty (30) students accomplished a short-term course in that aviation School.
In Agriculture, the bilateral cooperation aims at improving and modernization of agriculture activities and attaining self-sufficiency in food production. In this respect, Rwanda has sent a ministerial delegation to Ethiopia in June 2007 to share the Ethiopian experience in the ongoing agricultural extension packages, including crop and livestock package and post-harvest technology package. They have also visited the “Disaster Prevention & Preparedness Agency” (DPPA) in Ethiopia; an Agency specialized in fighting against famine, land erosion and other disasters.
In Investment, the cooperation between Rwanda and Ethiopia is manly between the two business communities. In 2007, almost fifteen (15) Ethiopian investors expressed they wish to invest in Rwanda. These investments are in the following areas: mining, livestock and dairy, valley dams, solar energy, coffee roasting and packaging, digital radio, housing, hotels, tourism, electricity and ICT.
In the same field, the Embassy initiated a project of exchanging information on investments facilities in the two countries and exchanging the lists of investors and their area of cooperation.
Djibouti is a small country (23.200 km²) with a small population (700,000) manly urban (70%). However, Djibouti is a Member of the Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and has an important haven open to the Middle-East. Therefore, the cooperation with this country focuses and will continue to focus on the following areas:
Rwandan businessmen to invest in Djibouti, a country with a small an saturated market;
The Government of Rwanda to hold talks with the Government of Djibouti, in order to create a free trade zone regarding importation through the Haven of Djibouti.
Sudan is the biggest country in Africa, which is also a Member of COMESA. Its soil abounds in oil and the country has also an International University in ICT. Therefore, the cooperation between Rwanda and Sudan is concentrating on the following areas:
Holding talks with Sudan aiming at importing oil on a low price;
The Government of Rwanda provides many students in the International University of Khartoum and shall increase the number of those students;
Sudan is a country in conflict but which foresees the peace at the horizon. As a country that will soon become a post-conflict country, Sudan needs investors (including Rwandans) to take part in the post-conflict reconstruction, especially, in the economic area.
Israel is a developed country in many areas and the Jewish Community is a powerful lobby worldwide. Moreover, Rwanda shares with Israel the sorrowful experience of genocide. Therefore, our country can get the following outcome in its cooperation with Israel:
1. Training in areas where Israel is developed (i.e. military and MASHAV Program);
2. Irrigation, water management and fighting soil erosion;
3. Incite Israeli businessmen to invest in a safe and secure country;
4. Use the Jewish Lobby to advocate for Rwanda in Western Powers and International Organizations (including financial organizations);
5. Collaboration in commemoration activities, making research on Genocide and fighting against genocide and its ideology.